Ragguali in Milano

The Milanese collegiati and physicians between Knwoledge, Orthodoxy, Dissidence and Diplomacy (1580-1714)

The research project of Laura Di Giammatteo focuses on the scholarly-political interdependences between the “privat“ institution of the Collegium nobilium physicorum mediolanensium and that “public” of the Tribunale di Sanità (Healthcourt) in the State of Milan (1570-1714). The macroanalysis deals with the period of the spanish sovereignity over Milan, when the College of Physicians was perceived as a “medical-expert” corporation and a civic organ being integrated in the State thanks the recruitment of two collegiati (physicians of the medical college) as Conservatori di Sanità (preservers of the healthcare). According to an epistemological level of the research I aim to examine in deep the “transfer” of the scholarly medicine into the healthcare administration by an analysis of the written forms and practices that used to be produced and to be circulated between the Collegium, the Tribunale di Sanitá and the Senate of Milan.

Some typologies of paper techniques will be examined which were drawn up by the collegiati-conservatori and by their delegates in the provinces and were addressed to the President of the Tribunale di Sanità: ragguagli, relazioni, resoconti, avvisi, informazioni, pareri, provvisioni, previdenze, avvertenze.

The physicians of the collegium were often recruited as agents during the Counter-Reformation in the 16. and 17. century on behalf of the State of Milan or of Jesuits and located mostly in Sweden, Austria, Poland, Bohemia, Transylvania. The survey should consider particularly the case of Menabeni Apollonio (16. century) whose consilia, which are preserved in the Ambrosiana Library, conceal behind the term consilia medica in reality consilia politica that Menabeni addressed to King Stephen Bathory and to the Emperor Rudolph II. in order to inform them about the complexiones of alleged supporters. As counterexample to Menabeni the case of Giuseppe Francesco Borri (1627-1695) will be analyzed. He was a Milanese physician, a heretic, an alchemist who had been employed by the protestant league in France, Amsterdam and Denmark.